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Themis: Upholding Law and Order in Greek Mythology

As the Titaness goddess of divine law and order, people regarded Themis as one of the most important and beloved Greek goddesses. Known for her ability to cut through hearsay and lies, Themis is revered for always keeping a level head, balanced and fair. She played an instrumental role in events like the Trojan war and the assemblies of Gods. She is likewise credited as being the predecessor of Lady Justice, a popular symbol of justice today.

Who is Themis? 

Painting of Themis with scales and sword by
Painting of Themis with scales and sword by Marcello Bacciarelli, Public Domain.

Despite being a Titan, Themis took the side of the Olympians during the Titanomachy. In fact, when Zeus rose to power, she sat in the throne beside him not only as a trusted advisor and confidant, but as his first wife. She had made herself invaluable due to her prophetic gifts, which allowed her to see the future and prepare accordingly for it. 

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Themis as the Daughter of Earth and Sky

Going back to her roots, Themis is a Titaness and daughter of Uranus (sky) and Gaia (earth), along with numerous siblings. The Titans staged an insurrection against their father Uranus, and the Titan Cronus took his place.

This great shuffle in divine power benefited the female Titans, too, as each one of them gained a privileged position and a specific role to play as leaders. Themis emerged to become the Goddess of Divine Law and Order, and, in effect, the Goddess of Justice. 

She issued the laws by which mortals should live their lives. Therefore depictions of Themis often show her holding a balance scale and a sword. As the embodiment of fairness, she is praised for always sticking to facts and considering all the pieces of evidence presented before deciding who’s in the right and who’s in the wrong.

Themis Greek Blind Justice Law Goddess
Themis justice and law goddess. Buy it here.

Themis as an Early Bride of Zeus

Only Metis, Athena’s mother, preceded Themis as one of the earliest brides of Zeus. Zeus’ love interests almost always end up in a tragedy, but Themis managed to evade this ‘curse.’ She remained a revered and respected goddess. Even Hera, Zeus’ jealous wife, could not hate the goddess and still addressed her as ‘Lady Themis.’ 

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Themis Foresees the Fall of Titans

Aside from her infallible sense of justice and order, Themis is also associated with the Oracles of Gaia because of her gift of prophecy. She knew the Titans would fall and saw that the war would not be won by brute strength but by gaining the upper hand in another way. This helped Olympians take advantage by releasing the Cyclopes from Tartarus.

Stories Involving Themis

Many stories from ancient Greece mentioned the beloved Themis. Starting off with Hesiod’s Theogony, which listed down Themis’ children and their importance in terms of the administration of law. Horae (hours), Dike (justice), Eunomia (order), Eirene (peace), and the Moirai (fates) are her children.

Themis is also instrumental in the following stories:

Prometheus Bound

In this literary work, Themis is presented as the mother of Prometheus. Promethus received Themis’ prophecy that the war would not be won by strength or force, but by craft. Other sources, however, present Prometheus as a nephew, not a child, of Themis.

Themis Plans the Trojan War

Themis appears as one of the brains behind the whole war in several versions of the epic tale of the Trojan War. Alongside Zeus himself, Themis staged the whole thing that led to the fall of the Age of Heroes, starting off with Eris throwing the Golden Apple of Discord all the way to the Sacking of Troy.

The Divine Assemblies

Themis is known as the presider of Divine Assemblies, as a logical extension of her role as the administrator of law and justice. Likewise, Zeus would call upon Themis to summon the gods into assembly so they could hear his king’s decrees.

Themis Offers Hera A Cup

In one of these assemblies, Themis noticed that Hera was flustered and terrified, having just fled Troy after receiving threats from her husband Zeus, who had accosted her for disobedience. Themis came running to greet her and offered her a cup to comfort Hera. The latter even confided in her, reminding her that more than anyone, Themis would understand the stubborn and arrogant spirit of Zeus. This story shows that the two goddesses always remained in each other’s good graces.

The Birth of Apollo

Being the prophetic goddess of the oracle of Delphi, Themis attended Apollo’s birth. Themis helped Leto nurse Apollo, who even received nectar and ambrosia directly from Themis.

Themis Oracle at Delphi
Themis Oracle at Delphi

Significance of Themis in Culture

Themis was widely considered as the people’s goddess due to her role in ensuring justice and fairness. Therefore, during the height of Greek civilization, people worshipped her in dozens of temples. This is despite the fact that most Greeks thought Titans to be distant and irrelevant to their lives.

But perhaps the biggest influence of Themis on popular culture is the modern depiction of Lady Justice, with her classical robes, balanced scales and sword. The only difference between depictions of Themis and Justitia (the Roman equivalent of Themis) is that Themis never had a blindfold. Notably, it was only in more recent renderings that Justitia had the blindfold herself.

Below is a list of the editor’s top picks featuring the statue of Themis.

Editor's Top Picks
Veronese Design Bronze Finished La Justicia Greek Goddess Themis with Scales and...
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Dawbun 12 in Goddess of Justice Lady Justice Statue for Home Décor...
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Top Collection Bronze Finish Lady Justice 12.5 Inch Statue Sculpture
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Last update was on: June 4, 2024 11:15 am

What Does Themis Symbolize?

Themis, the Titaness of divine law and order from Greek mythology, carries a plethora of symbolic associations. Perhaps most significantly, she is the embodiment of justice, often depicted holding scales that represent her duty to weigh evidence impartially and make fair decisions.

Beyond justice, Themis stands as a symbol of law and order, embodying the concept of societal structure and adherence to established norms. The scales also signify balance, reflecting Themis’s commitment to maintaining fairness and equilibrium in both human affairs and divine matters.

Moreover, Themis is also associated with the gift of prophecy, her role as an Oracle at Delphi before Apollo indicating her wisdom and foresight. She symbolizes the distinction between right and wrong, as she is responsible for setting the laws that distinguish virtuous acts from violations. Lastly, her role in weighing facts and uncovering the truth positions Themis as a symbol of truth and honesty.

Greek Themis Symbolism explained

Lessons from Themis’ Story

Unlike most Titans and Olympians, Themis invited no enemies and solicited little criticism, because of the way she lived life and administered justice.

The Importance of Law and Order

Themis herself personifies the law and order that form the root of civilization. Having a set of established rules that apply to all is at the root of a fair and just society, and Themis remains a reminder that even divine powers could not hold peace for very long without first upholding law and order.

Foresight – Key to Success

It was through Themis’ prophecies and visions of the future that Olympians, including Zeus, were able to evade danger. She is proof that foresight and planning wins battles and conquers wars.

Dignity and Civility

Being the ex-bride of Zeus, Themis easily could have fallen vulnerable to the vengeful and jealous ways of Hera. However, she gave Hera no reason to come after her because she remained dignified and was always civil and polite when dealing with Zeus and Hera.

Themis Facts

1- What is Themis the goddess of?

Themis is the goddess of divine law and order.

2- Is Themis a god?

Themis is a Titaness.

3- Who are Themis’ parents?

Uranus and Gaia are Themis parents.

4- Where does Themis live?

Themis lives on Mount Olympus with the other gods.

5- Who is Themis’ consort?

Themis is married to Zeus and is one of his wives.

6- Does Themis have children?

Yes, the Moirai and Horae are Themis’ children.

7- Why does Themis have a blindfold?

In Ancient Greece, Themis was never depicted with a blindfold. More recently, her Roman counterpart Justitia has been portrayed wearing a blindfold to symbolize that justice is blind.

Wrapping Up

For as long as people are committed to justice and fairness, so the legacy of Themis remains. She is one of the very few ancient gods whose principles remain relevant and politically correct even in modern times. To this day, an image of Lady Justice appears in the majority of the world’s courthouses, standing steadfast as a reminder of Themis’ lessons in justice, law, and order. 

Affiliate Disclosures
Dani Rhys
Dani Rhys

Dani Rhys has worked as a writer and editor for over 15 years. She holds a Masters degree in Linguistics and Education, and has also studied Political Science, Ancient History and Literature. She has a wide range of interests ranging from ancient cultures and mythology to Harry Potter and gardening. She works as the chief editor of Symbol Sage but also takes the time to write on topics that interest her.