Roman Mythology

Much of Roman mythology was imported from other sources, most notably from Greek mythology. But, although people tend to think that the Romans simply stole their myths from the Greeks, this isn’t true. Although the Romans weren’t myth makers, they were able to transform the borrowed myths to take on a truly Roman character, giving the gods and heroes a Roman identity.

 

Roman mythology is rich and detailed, with gods and goddesses that served the Roman people, giving them a sense of national pride and offering insight into who they were. From the legendary Romulus and Remus, who founded the city of Rome, to the deities Jupiter, Juno and Minerva, and to heroes like Hercules, Roman mythology teems with intriguing stories and myths that contributed to Rome becoming a cradle of culture.

 

Our comprehensive articles on Roman mythology explore the stories, significance, symbolism and modern relevance of this rich ancient religion.

Minerva – Roman Goddess of Wisdom

Minerva Roman goddess of wisdom

In Roman mythology, Minerva was the virgin goddess of wisdom as well as several other domains including medicine, strategic warfare and strategy. Minerva’s name stems from the Proto-Italic and ...

Bellona – Roman Goddess of War

Bellona Roman goddess of war

War deities have been an important aspect of almost every ancient civilization and mythology. Rome was no exception. Considering that the Roman Empire is famous for the many wars and invasions ...

Ceres – Roman Goddess of Agriculture

Ceres Roman goddess of agriculture

Agriculture has always been a fundamental part of any society, and naturally, deities connected to the harvest, agriculture and fertility abound in every civilization and culture. The Romans had ...

Flora – Roman Goddess of Flowers

Roman goddess of flowers spring

In the Roman Empire, several deities had associations with nature, animals, and plants. Flora was the Roman goddess of flowers and the season of Spring and was especially venerated during ...

Diana – Roman Goddess of the Hunt

Diana roman goddess

Diana was the Roman goddess of the hunt, as well as of the woods, childbirth, children, fertility, chastity, slaves, the moon, and wild animals. She was conflated with the Greek goddess Artemis ...

Luna – Roman Goddess of the Moon

Luna Roman goddess

In almost every culture, moon deities exist signifying the importance placed on the moon by the people of those cultures. In Greek mythology, Selene was the goddess of the moon. She was later ...

Salacia – Roman Goddess of the Sea

Salacia Roman goddess

In Roman mythology, Salacia was a minor yet influential goddess. She was the primordial female goddess of the sea and had associations with other deities. Salacia features in the writing of ...

Aurora – Roman Goddess of Dawn

Aurora Roman goddess of dawn

In Roman mythology, several deities were associated with the different stages of the day and night. Aurora was the goddess of dawn, and alongside her siblings, she set the beginning of the day....

Fortuna – Roman Goddess of Fate and Luck

Fortuna roman goddess

In Roman mythology, Fortuna was the goddess of fate, fortune and luck. She was sometimes perceived as the personification of luck and a figure who dealt out fortune without bias or discrimination. ...

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