Egyptian Mythology

Egyptian mythology is a rich, vibrant and intriguing belief structure that the ancient Egyptians used to explain their world and to answer the big questions. Populated with characters such as Ra, Osiris, Sekhmet, Maat and Horus, Egyptian mythology was a part of the people’s daily life, and informed how they behaved and interacted, the decisions they made and the way they prepared for death.

 

With the opening up of the Silk Road in 130 BCE, Egyptian mythology began to spread to other cultures, including those of Greek and Rome. The concepts of an afterlife, of reincarnation and of gods and goddesses who protected and watched over people would influence these cultures and take root.

 

Egyptian mythology abounds in symbols, metaphors and unique stories. They’re complex and multi-layered, often with no equivalents in other cultures. One such example is the view that the soul was made up of many components – the ba, the ka, the akh, the shut and so on. It’s well worth getting to know this unique belief system.

 

In our series on Egyptian mythology, we’ve tried to simplify these big ideas, offering comprehensive guides that cover the myths, symbolism and modern relevance of this important ancient religion. 

10 Best Books About Egyptian Mythology

Best Egyptian mythology books

Egyptian mythology is one of the most extravagant, colorful, and unique mythologies in the world. It’s also one of the most complex ones, however, as it’s formed by the combination of several ...

Neith – Creator of the Universe

Neith Egyptian goddess of creation

Neith was one of the oldest deities of the Egyptian pantheon, known as the goddess of creation. She’s also the goddess of domestic arts and war, but these are just some of her many roles.  ...

Heqet – Egyptian Frog Goddess

Heqet Egyptian frog goddess

Heqet, also known as the ‘Frog Goddess’ was the Ancient Egyptian goddess of fertility and childbirth. She was one of the most important goddess of the Egyptian pantheon and was often identified ...

Menhit – Egyptian goddess of war

Menhit Egyptian goddess

In Egyptian mythology, Menhit (also written as Menchit, Menhet or Menkhet) was a war goddess from Nubia. Her name meant she who massacres or the slaughterer, which refers to her ...

Mut – Egyptian Mother Goddess

Mut Egyptian goddess

In Egyptian mythology, Mut (also known as Maut or Mout) was a mother goddess and one of the most worshipped deities across Egypt. She was a versatile goddess who absorbed many attributes and ...

Wadjet – Patron Goddess of Egypt

Wadjet Egyptian goddess

In Egyptian mythology, Wadjet was the patron goddess and guardian of Lower Egypt, who protected and guided the pharaohs and queens of Egypt. She’s among the oldest deities of ancient Egypt, ...

What Was the Winged Sun in Egyptian Mythology?

Winged sun symbol Egypt

The sun played a central role in Egyptian mythology, with several important symbols associated with it. One such symbol was the Winged Sun, a powerful symbol of royalty, power, divinity and the ...

Ka – Egyptian Mythology

Ka Egyptian mythology

In Ancient Egypt, the soul was considered to be a compendium of different parts, just as a body is made up of different parts.  Each one of the parts of the soul had its role and its ...

Amenta – Symbol of the Land of the Dead

Amenta Egyptian mythology

The ancient Egyptians believed in a life after death, and this idea of immortality and a world after this greatly influenced their attitudes towards life and death. To them, death was simply an ...

Duat – Egyptian Realm of the Dead

Duat Egyptian land of dead

The Egyptians were firm believers of the afterlife, and many aspects of their culture were centered around this concept of immortality, death and the afterlife. The Duat was the realm of the dead ...

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