The Surprising Symbolism of Pinecones

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At first glance, scaly brown pinecones hardly seem very important or significant. Most people think of them as nothing more than decorative objects for festive occasions. But in reality, pinecones are very useful and have contributed immensely to the natural environment. They are also intricately connected to the belief systems of many ancient cultures. Let’s take a closer look at the meaning and significance of pinecones.

Origins and History of Pinecones

History of pinecones

Pine trees are one of the oldest species on planet earth, with a history that traces back nearly 153 million years ago. These trees are categorized under an ancient group of plants called gymnosperms.

Pine trees produce conical organs known as pinecones. Pinecones are woody and scaly structures that store seeds and assist in the regeneration of the tree. They open up during warm seasons and release the seeds for further growth and development. In this way, pinecones have played a major role in the evolutionary progress of conifer trees. 

Pinecones in Culture

Pinecones have played an important role in many ancient civilizations and cultures. Let’s take a closer look at the deeper meanings of pinecones.  


For the Aztecs, pinecones were a symbol of spirituality and immortality. The Aztec goddess of agriculture and nourishment was often depicted with pinecones and evergreen trees. In the goddesses’ hands, these objects represented immortality and eternal life.


The Egyptian God Osiris carried a snake- staff tipped with a pinecone. Although it seems that the Egyptians didn’t attribute any particular meaning to this pinecone, researchers have associated it with Kundalini energy. Accordingly, the snakes in the staff represent the rise of Kundalini energy, and the pinecone itself symbolizes the pineal gland or the point where the energy culminates.


For the Assyrians, pinecones were a symbol of immortality and enlightenment. Ancient Assyrian palace carvings consisted of winged deities, holding aloft pinecones. A few of these pinecones were used to pollinate the Tree of Life.


In Celtic culture and traditions, pinecones were a symbol of fertility and regeneration. Celtic women would keep pinecones under their pillows to speed up the process of conception.


In Greek mythology, Dionysus, the god of wine and fruitfulness, carried a staff tipped with a pinecone. This staff was a symbol of fertility and was used for ritualistic purposes. The female followers of Dionysus also carried a similar staff which granted them supernatural powers.

Pinecones in Religion

Pinecones have been intricately connected to the largest belief systems in the world. Let’s take a brief look at what they represent in Christianity and Hinduism.


Pinecone on popes staff
Pinecone Featured on Sacred Staff of The Pope

Pinecone iconography and symbols are widespread in Christianity. The pope himself carries a holy staff with a carving of a pinecone. Additionally, the three crowns in the Coat of Arms resemble the structure of a pinecone. In these objects, the cone represents the all-seeing third eye, which has the power to perceive beyond the ordinary.

Pinecones are also seen as a symbol of enlightenment and illumination in the Christian faith. Many churches have candle holders and lamps carved in the shape of pinecones.

Some scholars also believe that Eve didn’t desire an apple, but was rather tempted by a pinecone. According to this theory, pinecones are accompanied by snakes because they were once the original object of temptation.


In Hinduism, several gods and goddesses are depicted with pinecones in their hands. Shiva, the deity of destruction, has a hairdo that resembles a pinecone. The symbolic meanings of these representations can’t be ascertained, but it’s safe to say that pinecones were an integral part of ancient Hindu culture.

Pinecones and The Pineal Gland

Pinecones are closely associated with the pineal gland, both in terms of appearance and functions. The gland, located between the two hemispheres of the brain, is shaped like a pinecone.

Both the pinecone and pineal gland regulate the intensity of light based on their needs and requirements.

The pinecone closes its scales when it’s cold or dark and opens itself when warmth returns. Similarly, the pineal gland regulates melatonin levels to keep people awake during the day and make them sleep at night.

Pinecones and the Pineal gland have also been seen as the highest symbol of enlightenment. In Eastern cultures, the pineal gland is the seat of the third eye, which opens up during the peak of spirituality.

Symbolic Meanings of Pinecones 

Pinecone at Christmas

We’ve already had a look at the meaning of pinecones in specific cultures and religions. In this section, let’s take a look at the general meaning of pinecones. 

  • Symbol of Regeneration and Resurrection: Pinecones are symbols of regeneration, as they contribute to the existence of pine trees by protecting, nurturing, and caring for their seeds. 
  • Symbol of Enlightenment: Pinecones are closely associated with the Pineal gland, also known as the seat of the third eye. An individual first taps into all energy sources within their body, before reaching their forehead, which is the source for ultimate spiritual attainment and enlightenment. 
  • Symbol of Maturity: Pinecones are a symbol of maturity, as they only open their scales when they are completely prepared to release the seeds.
  • Symbol of Fertility: As the pinecone holds the seeds of the pine trees, they are associated with fertility.
  • Symbol of Festivity: Pinecones are an object that’s traditionally found at Christmas. They’re commonly used to decorate Christmas trees and to give a warm, cosy touch to any festive décor.

Pinecones in Art and Sculptures 

Pinecones are a part of many ancient art pieces, sculptures, and edifices. While not often obvious, they have inspired human creativity for centuries.

Angkor Wat

Angkor wat symbolism
Angor Wat, Cambodia

In the ruins of Angor Wat, Cambodia, there are many instances of pinecone symbolism. The most striking feature of the building is gigantic towers that are carved like pinecones. 


The ancient Romans built a Pigna or a bronze sculpture shaped like a pinecone. According to one myth, this was placed on top of the Pantheon and served as a lid for the building’s vault. The Pigna later became a fountain and was kept near the Temple of Isis. Nowadays, the sculpture can be found in Vatican City. 

Masonic Decoration 

Pinecones are significant in Masonic decoration and art. They are etched onto the ceilings of Masonic Lodges and buildings. A Masonic design in a New York building features two snakes and a pinecone.  

In Brief

Pinecones have been an integral part of human societies and cultures since ancient times. As a practical and beautiful object, the pinecone continues to inspire and captivate human imagination.  

Dani Rhys

Dani Rhys

Dani Rhys has worked as a writer and editor for over 15 years. She holds a Masters degree in Linguistics and Education, and has also studied Political Science, Ancient History and Literature. She has a wide range of interests ranging from ancient cultures and mythology to Harry Potter and gardening. She works as the chief editor of Symbol Sage but also takes the time to write on topics that interest her.

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